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The temple of Saturn was erected by the consul Titus Larcius in 17 B.C. in the month of December. It was used as the public treasury and as a repository for the decrees of the senate. Treasures were held in an underground chamber. The temple was enlarged in 42 B.C. and rebuilt after a fire in the 4th century A.D. Eight columns remain of this temple. 

To the right are the three columns that remain of the temple of Vespasian which was built by the son of Domitian in 94 A.D. and later restored by Septimius Severus.  

To the left you can see part of the column of Phocas that commemorates the emperor Phocas's donation of the Pantheon to the Pope of Rome. 

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